If you have ever used cannabis, you will agree that the substance’s aroma is soothing to the mind and body. But one thing you may not know is that cannabis terpenes are the substances responsible for the aroma of your cannabis. From skunky smell to sweet fruity taste, terpenes can lead to an array of aromas.
What are cannabis terpenes?
Simply put, cannabis terpenes are aromatic oils produced by the glands that also synthesize CBD, THC, and other cannabinoids. These oils are known for coloring the various types of cannabis with unique flavors. Some of the common flavors of terpenes include pine, berry, mint, and citrus.
The development of cannabis terpenes started like other strong-smelling flowers and plants. This means that the aromatic oils were initially meant to attract pollinators and get rid of predators. However, the development of terpenes in a plant depends on numerous factors. These factors include soil type, weather, climate, fertilizers, age and maturation as well as the time of day.
Cannabis experts have identified more than 100 types of cannabis terpenes. It is noteworthy that each cannabis strain comes with distinctive composition and terpene type.
The effects of various cannabis terpenes
According to some studies, the effects of numerous strains of cannabis can be differentiated through the help of terpenes. However, there is still a need for lots of studies in this area.
While some of these aromatic oils can aid acuity and focus, others are known for alleviating stress and improving relaxation. For instance, Granddaddy Purple, Blue Dream, and other relaxing strains are known for containing myrcene. On the other hand, Ghost Train Haze and Jack Herer, and other uplifting, active cannabis strains have terpinolene.
However, it is essential to understand that the presence of other substances can change the effect profile of a particular terpene. This phenomenon is regarded as the entourage effect. But there is a paucity of research on the effect of each terpene when combined with other compounds.
The connoisseurship and horticultural art of cannabis can be improved significantly by terpenes. Due to their special medicinal abilities, these aromatic oils can also boost the therapeutic value of cannabis.
To have a good understanding of the possible effects of a strain, lots of cannabis analysis labs test the content of terpene. Without a doubt, there is still a lot of room for research on how cannabis can bring about new development in the medical and scientific fields.
Most common terpenes in cannabis
Here are the most common terpenes found in cannabis:
Myrcene comes with herbal, cloves, cardamom, earthy, and musky aromas. This sedating and relaxing terpene may help to treat inflammation, pain, and insomnia. Mango, hops, thyme, and lemongrass also contain myrcene.
This terpene has a citrus aroma and is responsible for stress relief and elevated mood. Apart from cannabis, limonene is also found in peppermint, fruit rinds, juniper, and rosemary. The possible therapeutic effects of this terpene include the treatment of cancer, depression, anxiety, pain, and inflammation.
Pinene is another common cannabis terpene with a pine aroma. It is associated with memory retention and alertness. This terpene is also available in dill, pine needles, basil, rosemary, and parsley.
Other common cannabis terpenes are humulene, terpinolene, linalool, ocimene, and caryophyllene.