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Sativa Vs Indica Vs Hybrid Strains

It is estimated that there are thousands of strains of cannabis composed of different combinations of cannabinoids and phytonutrients. Such variety leads to the categorization and grouping of the plant. Such categorization helps users easily identify which strains can be used for any particular need. Classically there are three types

of cannabis species, i.e. Sativa, Indica and hybrid. Budtenders can easily suggest you cannabis strains according to your requirements. Even if two strains are from the same general family, they may have dramatically different effects. Here’s what you need to know about the different cannabis strains.

The Origin of Sativa and Indica

Until 1753 all cannabis plants were classified as cannabis Sativa l. However, in 1758, for the first time, the terms Sativa and Indica were used that differentiate the plants based on their physical appearance. Sativa plants are tall, lean and more fibrous. On the other hand, Indica is short, busy and more psychoactive.

Indica strains are popular for their sedating and relaxing effect that can be used as a perfect nightcap. Sativa strains are energizing and offer uplifting effects for physical activity and creative projects. However, these characteristics are not a rule of thumb because the effects depend on the plant composition, including terpenes, flavonoids, amino acids and other plant matter.

Cannabis Indica

Indica strains are turkey India and Pakistan and grow optimally in the turbulent climate of the Hindu Kush Mountains.

These strains can be used to reduce the symptoms of nausea, pain and increased appetite. You can use them to see deep relaxation effects at night.

Indica strains are short, stout and quite bushy and offer incredibly relaxing effects. These short and dense plants enjoy growing in cooler climates. Their life cycle is short, and the crop can be harvested before winter sets in.

Cannabis Sativa

Sativa strains originated from central America and southeast Asia. Trains contain lower doses of CBD and a considerably high quantity of THC, which is why they can easily cause euphoric effects. However, since they have a stimulating impact, you can easily use them in the daytime.

The energizing effect of Sativa is preferred for medicinal use. Sativa strains are grown in a warm and humid climate and have a longer life cycle with a significant flowering period.

Hybrid strains

Hybrid strains contain both sativa and indica genetics. They can be sativa dominant with strong effects on mind or indica dominant with even stronger effects on the body. There are 3 types of hybrid cannabis strains I.e. sativa dominant, indica dominant and 50-50. These strains are used for varying effects. Most popular hybrid strains include blue dream, wedding cake and pineapple express.

Side Effects of Common Cannabis Strains

Almost all strains of cannabis can produce unwanted side effects, including lethargy, dizziness, dry eyes, dry mouth, increased heart rate, decreased blood pressure and paranoia. Most of these side effects are associated with the occurrence of THC or tetrahydrocannabinol, which is the main psychoactive component of cannabis.

It is important to figure out your requirements and the exact effect produced by the strain you are going to use to be safe and away from unwanted effects.

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General Health

The Entourage Effect

The entourage effect is a commonly discussed topic when it comes to the consumption of cannabis. Simply put, it refers to the synergistic impacts of the different chemical compounds that cannabis contains. But there is more to know about this phenomenon.

Understanding the chemical compounds inside cannabis

To have an in-depth understanding of the entourage effect, you have to first know the most essential compounds inside cannabis.

  • Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are some of the most essential substances found in cannabis. They are known to stimulate the endocannabinoid system which is responsible for modulating appetite, sleep, pain, and several other bodily functions.

In a cannabis plant, there are more than 120 cannabinoids with each having its particular function. Some of the most common cannabinoids are cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). While THC causes the intoxication associated with marijuana, CBD cannot get you high.

  • Terpenes

If you have interacted with cannabis before, you will agree that the substance has some aroma. The aroma could be lavender, citrus, pepper, pine, etc. Terpenes are the chemical compounds that ensure that cannabis has these varying aromas. These compounds are developed in the resinous glands of the cannabis plant. It is worthwhile to note that spices, herbs, fruits, and other plants also contain some terpenes.

Apart from producing the aromas, terpenes are also believed to offer some therapeutic benefits. These benefits include reducing anxiety and inflammation.

More on the entourage effect

The combination of various cannabis compounds tends to change or improve the medicinal effects of the cannabis product. Additionally, the combination can also change the psychoactive effects and flavors of the products. Notably, some synergistic effects are formed through the integration of the different cannabis compounds. This phenomenon is called the entourage effect.

As a result of the entourage effect, the cannabis product will contain some properties that you cannot find in pure CBD or THC. According to a lot of cannabis experts, the entourage effect may play a key role in boosting the medicinal importance of cannabis. It could encourage the substances to interact with the endocannabinoid receptions in the central nervous system and brain to relieve some medical conditions.

What does the research say about the entourage effect?

In 1998, Professor Shimon Ben-Shabat and Professor Raphael Mechoulam conducted a study on the entourage effect. They discovered the cannabis compounds boosted the activity of the receptors in the endocannabinoid system. A few studies were carried later to confirm the claims of the 1998 study, and the discoveries were similar.

Another study was carried out by Russo in 2010 to check the effects of Sativex, a drug that contains both CBD and THC. The research had a group of people taking the drug as well as a control group taking only THC. The study showed that 40% of the patients experienced a substantial pain-killing impact of the product. When compared to the controlled group, the Sativex was more potent than taking only THC or CBD.

In 2016, research was conducted to study the effects of cannabis on people smoking pure THC as well as those smoking products with both CBD and THC. The result revealed that individuals taking only pure THC encouraged cognitive issues such as memory problems.

Through the analysis of these various studies, it could be inferred that the entourage effect created by the combinations of different cannabis compounds could make a big difference in the benefits of cannabis.

With more research on the entourage effect of cannabis, we may soon discover some amazing ways through which cannabis could change our lives.