It is estimated that there are thousands of strains of cannabis composed of different combinations of cannabinoids and phytonutrients. Such variety leads to the categorization and grouping of the plant. Such categorization helps users easily identify which strains can be used for any particular need. Classically there are three types
of cannabis species, i.e. Sativa, Indica and hybrid. Budtenders can easily suggest you cannabis strains according to your requirements. Even if two strains are from the same general family, they may have dramatically different effects. Here’s what you need to know about the different cannabis strains.
The Origin of Sativa and Indica
Until 1753 all cannabis plants were classified as cannabis Sativa l. However, in 1758, for the first time, the terms Sativa and Indica were used that differentiate the plants based on their physical appearance. Sativa plants are tall, lean and more fibrous. On the other hand, Indica is short, busy and more psychoactive.
Indica strains are popular for their sedating and relaxing effect that can be used as a perfect nightcap. Sativa strains are energizing and offer uplifting effects for physical activity and creative projects. However, these characteristics are not a rule of thumb because the effects depend on the plant composition, including terpenes, flavonoids, amino acids and other plant matter.
Indica strains are turkey India and Pakistan and grow optimally in the turbulent climate of the Hindu Kush Mountains.
These strains can be used to reduce the symptoms of nausea, pain and increased appetite. You can use them to see deep relaxation effects at night.
Indica strains are short, stout and quite bushy and offer incredibly relaxing effects. These short and dense plants enjoy growing in cooler climates. Their life cycle is short, and the crop can be harvested before winter sets in.
Sativa strains originated from central America and southeast Asia. Trains contain lower doses of CBD and a considerably high quantity of THC, which is why they can easily cause euphoric effects. However, since they have a stimulating impact, you can easily use them in the daytime.
The energizing effect of Sativa is preferred for medicinal use. Sativa strains are grown in a warm and humid climate and have a longer life cycle with a significant flowering period.
Hybrid strains contain both sativa and indica genetics. They can be sativa dominant with strong effects on mind or indica dominant with even stronger effects on the body. There are 3 types of hybrid cannabis strains I.e. sativa dominant, indica dominant and 50-50. These strains are used for varying effects. Most popular hybrid strains include blue dream, wedding cake and pineapple express.
Side Effects of Common Cannabis Strains
Almost all strains of cannabis can produce unwanted side effects, including lethargy, dizziness, dry eyes, dry mouth, increased heart rate, decreased blood pressure and paranoia. Most of these side effects are associated with the occurrence of THC or tetrahydrocannabinol, which is the main psychoactive component of cannabis.
It is important to figure out your requirements and the exact effect produced by the strain you are going to use to be safe and away from unwanted effects.